Growing old comes with its fair share of troubles. It increases the risk of developing various disorders, prominent among which is macular degeneration. Macular Degeneration refers to a condition that affects the eyes, resulting in a loss of vision. It primarily distorts the center of the field of vision. The former involves the blood vessels within the eye becoming leaky, whereas, in the latter, the retina is negatively affected.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration – Symptoms And Prevention!
A few common symptoms include lack of vision under dim light, blurred vision, spots clogging the vision, and abnormal blood vessels. There has not yet been a cure developed for this condition, which means that the only option you have is to prevent it entirely.
1. Be Active:
Following an active lifestyle protects you not only from macular degeneration but also from a variety of other health issues. Walking at least two to three miles for a minimum of three times a week is the standard to be considered active and lower your risk of experiencing this condition. It may be difficult to imbibe a fitness plan later in life, especially if you do not follow a particularly active lifestyle. However, it is important to not let this demotivate you. Starting with small steps is the best way to gradually acclimate your body to exercise. You can start with low-intensity exercises such as yoga and tai chi, and slowly move up to slightly more intense workouts like running, swimming, and even dancing. Find a workout partner to inspire you and hold you accountable.
2. Protect your eyes from harmful lights:
Although there is no concrete evidence to suggest that there is a strong link between exposure to sunlight and macular degeneration, there is some research that suggests there lies some association between the two, along with blue light. Continuous exposure to these lights over a long period can increase your risk of this condition, so ensure to protect your eyes through the usage of sunglasses every time you are exposed to them. It is even recommended that you get your eyes checked regularly so that you can treat any concerns right in the primary stages.
3. Quit smoking:
Smoking has innumerable amount adverse effects on your body, including but not limited to a higher risk of macular degeneration. Various studies have conclusively proved that the risk of developing this condition is two to three times higher among smokers as compared to non-smokers. If you are a regular smoker, then this is your sign to quit. It can be quite difficult to start right away, so gradually cut down on smoking and make use of nicotine patches to aid the process. Find a close confidante to hold you accountable and to help you power through any withdrawal symptoms.
4. Consume more fish:
The cod liver oil present in fishes is extremely beneficial to prevent vision loss and other eye-related conditions. Studies show that people who eat fish regularly have a lower chance of experiencing macular degeneration as compared to those who do not. Experts from Australia have deduced that people who consumed fish at least once a week have a 40% lesser risk of developing this condition as compared to people who either did not consume fish at all or did so very rarely.
5. Dietary requirements:
Watching what you eat is one of the most important requirements in order to lower the risk of macular degeneration. Include lots of green, leafy vegetables into your diet as they lower the risk of this condition to a large extent. It is also recommended to consume lots of fruits and nuts, as they prevent the chances of developing wet macular degeneration. Cut down any refined carbohydrates such as chips, cakes, sugary drinks, desserts, et cetera, from your diet since they increase the chances of developing macular degeneration. Find natural alternatives to such foods, like fruits and organic items.
The bottom line is, macular degeneration is something that can be prevented, to a large extent. However, to do so, it is important to inculcate a sense of disciple so that you may be motivated to follow a healthy lifestyle. Remember that it all boils down to making healthier choices and following an active lifestyle.