Experts believe that if you are diabetic, it is important to get your blood checked regularly. It is common for diabetic people to get diagnosed with anemia. If it is spotted early on, it can be managed.
Usually, anemia occurs when you do not have enough red blood cells in your body. It can complicate your diabetes like nerves and eye damage. In diabetic people, it worsens the condition of the kidney, artery, and heart diseases.
Diabetic people often have inflamed blood vessels. This restricts the bone marrow from getting the signal of producing more red blood cells.
The Health Conditions Which Cause Anemia In Diabetes Patients
Additionally, medications used to treat diabetes often decrease your protein hemoglobin level which is important for carrying oxygen to the blood. These medications include fibrates, metformin, thiazolidinediones, and ACE inhibitors. If you are consuming any one of these medications, consult your doctor about the risk of anemia.
When the organs of your body along with your brain do not get the required oxygen, you feel weak and tired. Some signs that make sure that you have anemia are headache, pale skin, dizziness, chest pain, rapid heartbeat, low body temperature, and Cold feet and hands.
Diabetes does not directly cause this condition. There are various conditions and complications that lead to the development of anemia.
Diabetes often harms the kidney and kidney damage leads to anemia. When your kidneys are normal and healthy, they can sense when your body needs new red blood cells. They release EPO or erythropoietin which is a hormone that signals your bone marrow to produce more cells. When your kidneys are damaged, they cannot send signals.
High blood pressure and glucose levels can damage kidneys.
Diabetic people are at a higher risk of heart attack or the heart’s inability to pump required blood for meeting the needs of the body. Then functions of the heart slow down, which leads to kidney damage. As we have seen above, kidney damage can lead to anemia.
People who have autonomic neuropathy, which is a type of neuropathy, in response to anemia, their bodies might not be able to send signals to their kidneys to make more erythropoietin.
Many diabetic people lack some important nutrients which can cause anemia. Nutrient deficiencies can be caused when the body is not being able to absorb needed nutrients from food or when you are not eating properly. Deficiency in vitamin B12, iron, folate, vitamin B6 can all develop anemia.
A condition affecting the inability of the body to absorb required nutrients is celiac disease. In this condition, the body cannot digest gluten. Gluten is a protein found in rye, barley, and wheat. If people with this condition eat gluten, their small intestine flattens which prevents absorption of gluten and other important nutrients.
One out of 20 diabetic people suffers from this condition.
Weight loss surgery, known as Bariatric can also lead to anemia as it causes nutrient deficiencies. Mineral and vitamin supplements are required after this surgery to prevent it.
The most commonly prescribed drug for people with type 2 diabetes is Metformin. Studies have now discovered that its consumption can lead to vitamin B12’s malabsorption and its long-term use causes deficiency of vitamin B12 which further causes anemia.
Other medications used to treat diabetes like thiazolidinediones, which contains rosiglitazone and pioglitazone can cause anemia by lowering down the levels of hemoglobin.
You need to take a blood test to diagnose anemia. Experts analyze your blood sample to see the amount of hemoglobin and hematocrit in it.
Foreman the normal level of hematocrit is between 40.7% to 50.3% and the level of hemoglobin should be between 13 to 17 g/dl.
For women who are not pregnant, the normal level of hematocrit should be between 36.1% and 44.3% and hemoglobin level should be between 12-15 g/dl.
The normal ranges of hemoglobin vary from gender to gender and attitude to altitude. At high altitudes, more blood is produced by the body to battle low oxygen.
Treatment of anemia highly depends on the severity and cause of it. If anemia has happened because of blood loss, doctors will identify the source of bleeding and stop it to treat it. When it is serious, treatments should be administered like taking vitamin supplements and making changes in your diet.