Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment Of Chronic Pain

Everyone feels pain sometimes; When you cut your finger or pull a muscle, pain is the body’s way of letting you know something is wrong. Pain can also be a sign of some underlying ailment in your body. Pain can be of two types, Acute and Chronic. Acute pain happens quickly and goes away as soon as the cause is addressed. Do you remember the pain when your pinky hit the chair last week? Probably no. That is acute pain. 

Chronic pain, on the other hand, can last for a more extended period. If pain persists for more than six months and continues even when the illness or injury has been treated, it can be chronic pain.

Causes Of Chronic Pain

Chronic pain is usually caused by an initial injury. It is believed that the damage to some nerves is the cause of this prolonged period of pain. The nerve damage makes the pain more intense and lasting. 

Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment Of Chronic Pain

But in some cases, people experience chronic pain without any prior injuries, although the reason for this is not apparent yet.  

Symptoms

Some of the common types of chronic pain include but are not exclusive to

  • headache(migraine)
  • postsurgical pain
  • post-trauma pain
  • lower back pain
  • cancer pain
  • arthritis pain
  • neurogenic pain (pain caused by nerve damage)
  • psychogenic pain (pain that isn’t caused by disease, injury, or nerve damage)

If these symptoms last for more than six months, you might consider it chronic pain. But please don’t conclude without consulting a certified physician. 

Treatment

A multidisciplinary approach to pain management is often required to provide interventions to help manage the pain. The complete therapy to aid your recovery includes 

Physical therapy: Physical therapy is a way of pushing your boundary daily to achieve moderate movement and pain levels. This is one of the most proven methods to reduce chronic pain. Seek the help of a physiotherapist and stick to your therapy routine. 

Electric stimulation: This reduces pain by sending mild electric shocks into your muscles. This will also be available at a physiotherapy clinic.

Nerve block: An injection that prevents nerves from sending pain signals to your brain. It is a painless procedure but is not advised over electric stimulation and therapy. 

Surgeries: A last hope for the patient is to undergo surgery. A surgeon will correct illnesses that may have healed incorrectly through a procedure. 

Some people tend to take over-the-counter medication to relieve the pain, which is neither a long-lasting cure nor a good practice for your body. Don’t tell us we didn’t warn you. 

The primary aim of treatment here is to provide you with pain relief and mobility without any discomfort. The severity and frequency vary from person to person, and thus it is imperative to consult a doctor. Your treatment will be based on your symptoms and other underlying conditions which only a certified doctor can recognize. 

Can lifestyle change cure chronic pain?

Lifestyle changes are of paramount importance in getting rid of most chronic pain

One of the main things you can do is reduce your stress. Pain causes stress, and stress causes pain; with better stress management, you can avoid this cycle and manage your pain more successfully. So, identify your triggers and avoid or address them to get rid of stress. 

Eat a healthy diet: Good food reaches far in helping you be fit and also reduces the stress on your joints. Vitamins and other minerals will help reduce inflammation which is one of the primary causes of chronic pain.

Yoga and physical therapy: Push the boundary of your mobility and pain slightly every day. But remember not to overdo it. Get the help of a professional physiotherapist to stay well within the limit of not injuring yourself. 

Get enough sleep: Sleeping helps you cope up with pain and also lifts your mood. Getting an ample amount of sleep is very important in keeping a calm and stress-free mind, which will help you overcome the pain. Find a balance between taking the medications that might alter your sleeping pattern and having a proper and healthy sleep cycle. Your physician will help you in this regard.

Meditation is an effortless and mindful lifestyle change that can give you peace of mind and body. 

Verdict

There is no cure for chronic pain, but the condition can be managed successfully. It is essential to stick to your pain management plan to help relieve symptoms. Physical pain is related to emotional distress, and keeping a good mental state will help you overcome the pain. 

Try not to indulge in unscientific methods to relieve pain. Always seek professional help and also seek support from your friends and family for an emotional boost. 

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